Determining Needs

This section of the ATESL Curriculum Framework focuses on how to determine learning needs as a first step in developing a curriculum that addresses those needs. Information regarding learning needs is gathered from learners as well as from a variety of other stakeholders.1 This information forms the basis of course outcomes, assessments, tasks, methods, and materials, all of which are discussed in subsequent sections of the Curriculum Framework. We begin here with a discussion of what a needs analysis is, along with a list of principles for determining learning needs. The rest of this section addresses the process of conducting a needs analysis.